LAST UPDATE : April 21, 2011








Preformal Epidemiology:

Morabia A . Epidemiologic interactions, complexity and the lonesome death of Max von Pettenkofer. Am J Epidemiol 2007;166:1233-8.

Wildner M., and Hofman A. Letters to the Editor: Re: Epidemiologic interactions, complexity and the lonesome death of Max von Pettenkofer. Am J Epidemiol 2008:168:119-121.

Oppenheimer GM, and Susser E. "The Context and Challenge of von Pettenkofer's Contributions . Am J Epidemiol 2007;166:1239-41.

Morabia A. Morabia Responds to "The Context and Challenge of von Pettenkofer's Contributions . Am J Epidemiol 2007;166:1242-3.

Morabia A. Epidemiologic methods and concepts in the ninteenth century and their influences on the 20th century. In : Holland WW (editor). The Development of Modern Epidemiology. Oxford University Press 2007: 17-30.

Morabia A. Claude Bernard was a 19th century proponent of medicine based on evidence
J Clin Epidemiol 2006;59:1150-4

Morabia A . Pierre-Charles-Alexandre Louis and the evaluation of bloodletting. J R Soc Med 2000;99:158-160.

Morabia A. Pierre-Charles-Alexandre Louis and the evaluation of bloodletting. The James Lind Library (

Morabia A. In defense of Pierre Louis who pioneered the epidemiological approach to good medicine. J Clin Epidemiol 2009;62:1-4.

Morabia A. Pierre-Charles-Alexandre Louis and the birth of clinical epidemiology. J Clin Epidemiol 1996; 49:1327-1333.

Comments  in: 
        Hill, GB. J Clin Epidemiol. 1997 Oct;50(10):1187-8.
    Vandenbroucke, JP J Clin Epidemiol. 1996 Dec;49(12):1335-8.

Morabia A. Ferrara 1855: cholera without epidemiology. Eur J Epidemiol. 2003;18(7):595-7.

Morabia A., and Rochat T. Reproducibility of Louis definition of pneumonia. (Letter) Lancet 2001;358:1188

Morabia A. Epidemiology and bacteriology in 1900: who is the handmaid of whom? J Epidemiol Community Health 1998;52:617-618.

Early Epidemiology:

Morabia A. “ Re: Winkelstein W, Jr. (2006) Janet Elizabeth Lane-Claypon: a forgotten epidemiologic pioneer. Epidemiology 17:705 ” . Epidemiology 2007;18:413

Morabia A., and Guthold R. Wilhelm Weinberg's 1913 large retrospective cohort study: a rediscovery. AmJ Epidemiol 2007;165:727-33.

Morabia A. Joseph Goldberger's research on the prevention of pellagra. J R.Soc.Med 2008;101:566-568.

Morabia A. Joseph Goldberger's research on the prevention of pellagra. James Lind Library . Accessed Wednesday 18 October 2006.

Morabia A, and Hardy A. The pioneering use of a questionnaire to investigate a foodborne disease outbreak in early 20th Century Britain. J Epidemiol Community Health 2005;59:94-99.

Morabia A, and Hardy A. Oysters and enteric fever etiology in 1900 England. J Epidemiol Community Health 2005; 59:100

Classic Epidemiology:

Morabia A., Costanza MC, and Hardy A. Dead on a 14th of July. Prev Med. 2006;43:231-34

Morabia A. Epidemiological causality. His Phil Life Sci 2005;27:365-79

Morabia A. East Side Story. On being an epidemioliogist in the former USSR. Epidemiology 2006;17: 115–119

Morabia A., Zhang FF. History of medical screening: from concept to action. Postgrad Med 2004;80:463-9.

Morabia A. The controversial controversy of a passionate controversialist. J Clin Epidemiol 2002, 55:1207-13. Full text.

Morabia A. On the origin of Hill's causal criteria. Epidemiology 1991; 2:367-9.

Morabia A., and Porta M. Causalidad y epidemiologia. Investigacion y Ciencia (julio) 2008;382:62-71.

Modern Epidemiology:

Morabia A. Should an epidemiologist also have been awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in Medicine? JECH 2009;63;177-178.

Morabia A. History of the modern epidemiological concept of confounding. JECH 2011;65(4);297-300.


Zhang FF, Michaels DC, Mathema B, Kauchali S, Chatterjee A, Ferris DC, James TM, Knight J, Dounel M, Tawfik HO, Frohlich JA, Kuang L, Hoskin EK, Veldman FJ, Baldi G, Mlisana KP, Mametja LD, Diaz A, Khan NL, Sternfels P, Sevigny JJ, Shamam A, and Morabia A. (2004) Evolution of epidemiologic methods and concepts in selected textbooks of the 20th century. Soz Praventivmed 49: 97-104.

Morabia A. The relation of childhood mortality to mobility in contemporary foragers. Hum Ecol 2008;36:931-2.

Morabia A. Patterns of epidemics of infectious diseases in the Chinese Empire (243 BC and 1911 AD): Quantitative analysis of a unique but neglected catalogue. Epid Infect 2009, 137:1361-8

Morabia A. Is epidemiology nothing more than politics at another level? JECH 2009;63;188-190

The James Lind Library Editorial Team: Chalmers I, Milne I, Trohler U, Vandenbroucke JP, Morabia A, Tait G, and Dukan E.Explaining and illustrating the evolution of fair tests of medical treatments. J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2008; 38:259–64.

Morabia A., and Szklo, M. Letter to the editor: Re: Smoking and Lung Cancer: Recent Evidence and a Discussion of Some Questions. Oxford University Press. Int J Epidemiol 2009:1-1.

Book Reviews

Morabia A., and Brandt AM. The rise, fall and deadly persistence of the product that defined America. Perseus: New York (2007). Prev Med 2008;46:83-4.

Morabia A. Evans RJ Death in Hamburg. Society and politics in the cholera years. Penguin Books: London (2005). Prev Med 2007; 45: 240-2.

Morabia A. Groopman J. How Doctor think? Last stand or burgeonning rebellion against evidence-based medicine. Prev Med 2007;45:491-4.

Morabia A. "Thomas M Daniel. Wade Hampton Frost. Pioneer epidemiologist 1880-1938. Up to the mountain. University of Rochester Press, 2004, 238 pages". Eur J Epidemiol 2006.

Morabia A . “Sandra Hempel. The Medical Detective. John Snow and the Mystery of Cholera”. BMJ 2006; 332:1220.

Morabia A. Archibald Leman Cochrane 1909-1988: a meaningful life in science and history. Soz Praventiv Med 2004; 49:416-8.

Morabia A. “Barry Commoner and the science of survival: the remaking of American environmentalism, Egan, M., (2007), MIT Press, Cambridge ” Prev Med 2008;46:473-5.

Morabia A, and Glow B. The development of modern epidemiology. Personal reports from those who were there, by Holland WW, Olsen J, du V Florey,C. Prev Med 2008; 46: 622-623

Morabia A. A Knowledge Object. Book review: Miquel Porta (Editor). A Dictionary of Epidemiology. Fifth Edition. Oxford University Press, 2008. Prev Med 2009; 48: 403–404

Morabia A. A must. Public Health. The development of a discipline. From the age of Hippocrates to the Progressive Era, Schneider D., Lilienfeld D.E. Rutgers University Press (2008). Prev Med 2009;48:303

Morabia A. Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas: By Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein . Am J Epidemiol 2009;170:1579-1580.

Morabia A. In Defense of Food. An Eater's Manifesto. By Michael Pollan. 2008. Penguin Press. 256 pp.

Morabia A. Book review: William Bynum. The History of [Western] Medicine. A Very Short Introduction. Prev Med 2011;52(5);407-409.